Recent publication

Schima, J., G.M. McFarquhar, U. Romatschke, J. Vivekanandan, J. D’Alessandro, J. Haggerty, C. Wolff, W. Wu, and E. Schaefer, 2022: Characterization of the vertical structure of Southern Ocean boundary layer clouds using airborne radar, lidar and in-situ cloud data: Results from SOCRATES. J. Geophys. Res., 127, e2022JD037277.

This paper, first authored by undergraduate student Julian Schima uses remote sensing and in-situ data from Southern Ocean clouds collected during the SOCRATES field campaign to produce vertical phase profiles of subfreezing boundary layer clouds. When examining the occurrence of clouds with supercooled large droplets, it was found that such conditions frequently occurred 100-200 m below cloud top, which was dominated by supercooled water from smaller drops.  Further, convective clouds were around 3 times as likely to contain ice, and were more vertically heterogeneous, compared to stratiform clouds

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